Early childhood caries etiology

Js, and. For, O. Health, and. Report No PagliaDoes breastfeeding increase risk of early childhood caries? Jl and R. JcAcquisition des Streptocoques Mutans par l'enfant : 1.

Non mères vous n'êtes pas toutes coupables! RjmThe primary and mixed dentition, post-eruptive enamel maturation and dental caries: a reviewInt Dent Jvol.

Early Childhood Caries - Prevention, Intervention and Management

Mp, and R. Disponible-suradpmarseille. Créer un outil pédagogique en santé : guide méthodologique La, G. Jm, H. Ad et al. Rn, H. Ka, and S. SeRedesigning printed educational materials for primary care physicians: design improvements increase usabilityImplement Sci ISvol. Bouferrache, G.

Harnekar-s, and S. Md, S. Sa, W. Sa et al. METHODS To be rated as relevant, the article had to variables included: infant feeding variables, measure both ECC and breastfeeding as ECC definition, and dental health prac- The internationally recognized systemat- well as meet other criteria outlined in tices.

Remaining articles were ment of ECC, including the factors: breast- ic reviews provide direction for reviews of then divided equally among two readers feeding, individual and community risk controlled trials.

As this clinical research and were rated independently. Of the factors Figure 1.

The unknown effect of topic cannot be measured using random- articles that were retrieved, 28 were judged breastfeeding on the development of ECC ized controlled trials where randomly allo- to be relevant. Validity resistance teeth which have the potential to cations were made to the review process. Measures of infant feed- ing of researchers. The tool included caries. Community risk factors such as edu- ing likely address breastfeeding, therefore appraisals of study design, confounders, cation level, socioeconomic status and gen- articles that mentioned infant feeding were and data collection methods as per the der have also been shown to be related to retrieved.

The above strategy yielded Cochrane systematic review protocol. Three other categories of confounding confounders in this review. Once final- ized, each of the 28 articles was indepen- Gender A detailed dictionary was used to Socioeconomic Status Four overall ratings for each Marital Status article, including strong, moderate, weak 25 and very weak, were assigned based on the pass-fail criteria for each of the categories Health Status Very weak was included as an overall rating, due to the high number of Other 7.

The authors felt that it would be important to distinguish between them 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 as they made up the bulk of the papers. None of the 28 articles were con- sidered to be strong. Twenty-one Figure 3.

With a varied degree of required to pass in this category Figure 3. Variables often absent included: confidence, all indicated that there appears One study passed the infant feeding cate- frequency of teeth cleaning, who is clean- to be a positive association between pro- gory. Research papers often teeth Figure 5. All three sponding author. Figure 4. The inconsistent method- ological approach in the research makes it difficult to compare findings and draw Frequency of Cleaning The results from these studies often contradict one another and findings are not always reproducible Chemotherapeutic Agents 25 from one study to another.

It is difficult to compare variables between studies as they are often poorly and inconsistently defined. Who Cleans Teeth The three moderate studies suggest that Figure 5.

British Pediatric Association. Is breast feeding beneficial in the UK? Arch Dis Child ty and individual factors associated with ; ECC as indicated in the model Figure 1. We wish to acknowledge Donna Ciliska, Breastfeeding and later cognitive and academic outcomes.

Early childhood caries etiology

Abstract elucidate the breastfeeding factors; however provided our research team with guidance Perinatal Education Program of Eastern Ontario. ISBN Ottawa: progress. In light of the contradictory the process of conducting a systematic Minister of Supply and Services Canada, Health nature of the research findings, and the review; Elena Goldblatt, our librarian; and and Welfare Canada, Abbey LM.

Journal of the review, we conclude that the evidence Development Program. American Dental Association ; The evidence does not Journal of Paediatric Dentistry ; American Association of Pediatric Dentistry.

Brams M, Maloney J. Nursing bottle caries in of ECC. Thus practice recommendations Oral Health Policies. Reference Manual. AAPD, breastfed children. J Pediatr ; At will 2. World Health Organization. Infant and Young breast feeding and dental caries: Four case reports. Breastfeeding Committee for Canada.

Women should be encouraged to 4. Maturo RA, Cullen C. Dentistry for infants. Assessing the Journal of the Michigan Dental Association quality of randomized controlled trials: An anno- continue breastfeeding as long as they ;74 6 , Breastfeeding and oral Controlled Clinical Trials ; Oral Kuwait, a country with low-fluoride levels in the oped based on rigorous research studies. Infant Feeding Caries Part 1: A review and trial water supply. Community Dental Health preventive project. Ontario Dentist ; Only one study found in this review ;72 9Derkson GD, Ponti P.

Nursing bottle syndrome; addressed the association between ECC 7. Ripa LW. Baby Bottle Tooth Decay Nursing prevalence and etiology in a non- fluoridated city. Caries : A Comprehensive Review. An inquiry into the research be conducted with this as the ; Goepferd SJ.

Infant oral health: A rationale. Community Dental research methods. As supported by Ismail Health ; Milnes AR. Description and epidemiology of Adenubi JO. Rampant caries in Nigerian chil- and Sohn, 55 we recommend that future nursing caries.

Journal of Public Health Dentistry dren: Preliminary report.

J Int Assoc Dent Child researchers use consistent definitions of ; Canadian Paediatric Society, Dietitians of Prolonged ECC. Nutrition for nursing habit: A profile of patients and their fam- clear measures. Studies should control for Healthy Term Infants. Ottawa: ilies. Services of Canada, Caries in preschool e. Research Canadian Pharmaceutical Association. Position children. The Camden Study. Journal ; 3 Canadian Pharmaceutical Association, A third study include more rigorous study designs Breastfeeding - Fifteen years of progress?

British Dental Journal ; Johnsen DC. Characteristics and backgrounds of Pediatric Dentistry use of a prospective study design to help Child Nutrition. Forty-seventh World Health ; South African children. A case control study of teams could help to enhance the under- Saunders Company, Community Dental Silver DH.

J Pediatr ; experience inand in a Hertfordshire town, related to family behaviour tribute to the development of relevant A and social class. British Dental Journal practice implications that are consistent for longitudinal analysis of infant morbidity and the ;